100 Most Popular Russian Surnames Or Last Names With Meanings

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The surnames in Russia and the region around it, originated from the names of animals, fruits, objects, occupations and patronyms. They are distinct for both males and females. The last names of males end with ‘ov’ or ‘ev’ while another letter is added for females, making it ‘ova’ or ‘eva’.

In this post, MomJunction has compiled a list of 100 Russian last names, along with their origins and meanings.

List Of Most Popular Russian Surnames Or Last Names:

1. Abakumov

Abakumov is a patronymic last name that refers to ‘Son of Abakum’. It is derived from the Hebrew word ‘Habakkuk’ which means ‘embrace’.

2. Abdulov

This is a patronymic surname meaning ‘Son of Abdul’. In Arabic, Abdul means ‘Servant of God’.

3. Abramov

It is a patronymic surname meaning ‘Son of Abram’ that is derived from the Old Testament. In Hebrew, Abram means ‘High Father’.

4. Agapov

This Russian surname is derived from the given name Agap, which refers to ‘Love’ in Greek. Russian association football player Anton Agapov is a famous bearer of this last name.

5. Agafonov

This last name is derived from the Greek word ‘Agathon’ meaning ‘Kindness’ or ‘Goodness’.

6. Alexeyev

This Russian family name is derived from Alexey, which refers to ‘Defender’ and is of Greek origin. Chess grandmaster Evgeny Alekseev is a famous bearer of this last name.

7. Andreyev

Andreyev means ‘Son of Andrey’ derived from the Greek name Andrew, meaning ‘manly’.

8. Antonov

It means ‘Son of Anton’. The name is derived from ‘Anthony’ or ‘Antonius’ which is a Roman family name and has an Etruscan origin. Anton means ‘Priceless’ or ‘Praiseworthy’.

9. Arsenyev

This habitational last name derived from the name of a town in Russia called the Arsenyev in Primorsky Krai, Russia.

10. Artyomov

This surname means ‘Son of Artyom’ and is derived from the name of the Greek goddess ‘Artemis’.

11. Arkhangelsky

The habitational surname refers to ‘Someone from Arkhangelsk’. This is a district in the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia.

12. Aslanov

Aslanov means ‘Son of Aslan’. The name ‘Aslan’ is derived from the Turkish word ‘Lion’.

13. Babanin

Babanin originated from the Tsardom of Russia as it was the surname of a noble family in the Russian empire and the literal translation of Babanin is ‘Yin woman’.

14. Balabanov

This Russian last name refers to ‘Son of Balaban’. The occupational surname refers to a ‘Hawk’ or ‘Falconer’. Another variant of Balaban in Greek refers to ‘Tame Bear’.

15. Balakin

The word Balakat in Russian means ‘To chatter’ or ‘Talk non-stop’ and it is the source of Russian surname Balakin.

16. Balakirev

Balakirev is a variant of Balakin, which is derived from Balakat. Another reference of Balakirev, made during the ancient East Slavic era, referred to a ‘Ceramic worker’.

17. Balandin

Balandin refers to a small crater located on the Moon.

18. Baranov

Baranov is a Russian last name, which refers to a ‘Lamb’.

19. Barinov

This patronymic surname refers to ‘Son’ or ‘Boyar’. It is derived from the Russian word Boyar referring to ‘A nobleman’.

20. Bocharov

It is an occupational last name derived from the term ‘Bochar’ referring to ‘Copper’.

21. Borisyuk

Borisyuk is a Russian surname derived from the word ‘Boris’ meaning ‘Wolf’ or ‘Snow Leopard’.

22. Borovkov

This Russian family name is derived from an animal’s name Borov, meaning ‘A little boar’. Sergei Borovkov, a popular Russian footballer is a noteworthy bearer of this last name.

23. Borodin

This surname originates from the word ‘Boroda’ meaning ‘Beard’ or ‘Bushy beard’. Borodin was initially used as a nickname for a bearded person and later evolved to be a Russian last name.

24. Bortnik

This habitational last name is derived from a village named Bortniki in Russia, which means ‘Beekeepers’.

25. Bortsov

Bortsov originates from the word ‘Borets’ that means a ‘Wrestler’.

26. Bugrov

This is a habitational surname derived from the term ‘Bugor’ meaning ‘Hill’ or ‘Heap’. It is used to refer to someone who lived or worked near a hillock.

27. Bychkov

It is derived from the term ‘Bychok’ referring to ‘Young ox’ or ‘Bull’. This surname belonged to families with strong and powerful disposition.

28. Chaban

Chaban is an occupational surname of the Ukrainian origin and was used to refer to someone who worked as a ‘Shepherd’.

29. Chernoff

This patronymic surname is of the Russian and Jewish origin and is derived from the term ‘Chernyj’ meaning ‘Black’. It denoted families with ‘black-haired’ or ‘dark-skinned’ people.

30. Chugunov

It is originated from the term ‘Chugun’ referring to ‘Cast-iron’ or ‘Pig-iron’. The occupational surname belonged to iron-workers or the ones who made cast-iron products.

31. Davydov

This patronymic Russian last name means ‘Son of Davyd’ or ‘Son of David’. In Hebrew, David means ‘Beloved’.

32. Devin

Devin is derived from the French word ‘Devine’ meaning ‘Sorcerer’ or ‘Fortune-teller’.

33. Dmitriev

This habitational last name is derived from the name of a town in Russia called the Dmitriyev. Dmitry means ‘devoted/dedicated to Demeter (Greek Demetrios)’.

34. Dobrow

Dobrow is derived from the term ‘Dobryj’ meaning ‘Good’. Alternatively, this Russian last name is also a habitational surname coming from the name of a village called Dobroe in Ukraine.

35. Drozdov

The Russian family name is derived from the word ‘Drozd’ meaning ‘Thrush’ or ‘Blackbird’.

36. Egorov

Egorov is an occupational Russian last name and refers to a ‘Farmer’. Yegorov is a variant of this surname.

37. Fedorov

Fedorov is derived from ‘Theodore’ that refers to ‘God given’ or ‘Gift of God’.

38. Gorbachev

Gorbachev means ‘Hunchback’. It must have been a nickname, which eventually became a surname. Mikhail Gorbachev was the last head of the USSR before it disintegrated.

39. Gorky

This Russian surname refers to ‘extremely bitter’.

40. Gusev

It is a surname derived from the Russian word for ‘Goos’ meaning ‘Goose’. ‘Hyusev’ is a variant of this name.

41. Ibragimov

Ibragimov is derived from Abraham, meaning ‘Father of many’. This Russian surname refers to ‘Son of Abraham’ and Ibrahimova is another variant.

42. Ivanov

Ivanov is derived from Ivan or John and refers to ‘God’s Grace’. This is one of the most common last names in Bulgaria and Russia.

43. Kalashnik

Originated in Ukraine, Kalashnik is an occupational Russian last name that refers to ‘Breadmaker’ or ‘Maker of Kalaches’.

44. Kamenev

This unique Russian last name means a ‘Stone’.

45. Kotov

Derived from an animal’s name, this Russian last name refers to a ‘Cat’.

46. Kozlov

Kozlov in Russian refers to a ‘Goat’.

47. Kravtsov

This occupational Russian last name has a Ukrainian origin and refers to a ‘Tailor’ or someone who trades or repairs clothing.

48. Kuznetsov

It is also an occupational Russian surname and is derived from ‘Kuznets’ referring to a ‘Blacksmith’.

49. Krupin

Krupin is an interesting Russian family name that originated as a first name and evolved into a family name. It means ‘a grain’.

50. Lagunov

Lagunov is derived from an object and refers to a ‘water barrel’.

51. Lebedev

It is derived from the Russian word ‘Lebed’ and refers to a ‘Swan’.

52. Medvedev

This is another interesting Russian surname derived from the name of an animal, ‘Medved’ meaning a ‘Bear’.

53. Meknikov

Meknikov is an occupational last name and refers to a ‘Miller’. Mechnikov is a variant of this surname.

54. Mikhailov

This patronymic Russian family name refers to the ‘Son of Mikhail’. Mikhaylov, a spelling variant of this surname, is also the name of several neighborhoods in Russia. Mikhail refers to someone ‘Like God’.

55. Molchalin

Molchalin is a Russian surname that means ‘Silent’.

56. Molotov

Molotov is derived from an object’s name and refers to a ‘Hammer’. It is also a locational surname of people who belonged to Oktyabrkənd or Perm, cities that were formerly known as Molotov.

57. Morozov

Morozov means ‘Bitter cold’ in Russian.

58. Nikolaev

This occupational surname refers to the ‘Flower people’ or the one ‘Who trades flowers’. Another variant refers to the name of a town called Nikolaevo in Bulgaria.

59. Orlov

Orlov is derived from the Russian word ‘Oryol’ meaning ‘Eagle’. It is also the surname of a noble family in Russia.

60. Pasternak

Pasternak or Pasternack refers to ‘Parsnip’ that is a root vegetable. This last name originated from the regions of Russia, Ukraine, Romania, and Poland.

61. Pavlov

This is a patronymic surname referring to the ‘Son of Pavlo’. Pavlo is the Russian variant of ‘Paul’, which means ‘Small’.

62. Petrov

The surname is derived from the Russian word Petar or Peter in English and refers to a ‘Stone’.

63. Petukhov

Petukhov is derived from ‘Petukhovo’, a name for several habitations in Russia.

64. Plotnikov

Derived from ‘Plotnik’, Plotnikov is an occupational surname that refers to a ‘Carpenter’.

65. Poletov

This surname is derived from a Russian term ‘Poletai’ meaning ‘Fast’ or ‘Quick’.

66. Popov

It is derived from ‘Pop’ and refers to a ‘Priest’. Popov is the 4th most common last name in Russia.

67. Portnov

This occupational Russian last name is derived from the profession of ‘Portnoy’ meaning a ‘Tailor’.

68. Putin

One of the most famous Russian surnames, Putin means ‘One who travels along the road’. Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, the President of Russia, is the most popular bearer of this surname.

69. Rabinovich

This Russian family name refers to the ‘Son of Rabbi’. The term Rabbi was used for a ‘mentor’ or ‘teacher’ in various regions.

70. Rasputin

Derived from Putin, Rasputin is a Russian term that means ‘Crossroads’.

71. Rogov

This Russian family name is derived from ‘Rog’ meaning ‘Horn’ or ‘Antler’. Rogov is a common Jewish and Russian last name.

72. Rybakov

Another occupational Russian family name, Rybakov refers to a ‘Fisherman’.

73. Semenov

Semenov is derived from Semyon. The common Russian surname means ‘God who hears’.

74. Smirnov

Smirnov derived from the word ‘Smirnow’ or ‘Smyrnov’ that refers to ‘Still’, ‘Peaceful’ or ‘Tranquil’.

75. Sobakin

It is derived from Sobaka, which refers to a ‘Dog’ in Russian.

76. Sobol

The occupational surname means ‘Fur trader’ in Russian.

77. Sobolev

This Russian surname refers to ‘Sable’.

78. Sokolov

It means ‘Falcon’ or a ‘Bird of prey’.

79. Sorokin

Sorokin is derived from the name of the bird ‘Magpie’ or ‘Copoka’ in Russian.

80. Stalin

This is a world-famous Russian last name, which means ‘Made of steel’.  Revolutionary Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin is the most famous bearer of this last name.

81. Stepanov

Derived from Stephen, Stepanov is a family name that refers to the ‘Son of Stephen’. The various meanings of Stephen are ‘Wreath’, ‘Crown’, ‘Reward’, or ‘Royalty’.

82. Ustrashkin

It is originated from the Russian verb ‘Ustrasht’ that means to ‘Intimidate’ or ‘Frighten’.

83. Varkov

Varkov is a Russian surname derived from the word ‘Varka’ that refers to ‘Cooking’ or ‘Boiling’ or ‘Brewing’.

84. Vasiliev

Vasiliev has different meanings, one being a derivation of the word Basil, the leafy herb. Another significant meaning of this Russian surname is ‘Royal’.

85. Volkov

Volkov is a Russian surname derived from the name of an animal ‘Volk’ that refers to a ‘Wolf’.

86. Vorobyev

It is derived from the name of a bird ‘Vorobey’, which means ‘Sparrow’ in Russian.

87. Voznesensky

The habitational surname refers to the people who came from Voznesensky, the name of various habitations in Russia.

88. Utkin

Utkin means a ‘Duck’ in Russian.

89. Vinogradov

Vinogradov in Russian refers to ‘Grapes’ or a ‘Vineyard’.

90. Voronin

Derived from ‘Vorona’, this surname refers to a ‘Crow’ or ‘Raven’ in Russian.

91. Vyatkin

Vyatkin originated from the Vyatka province that lies to the east of Moscow. Another variant of this surname is derived from the word ‘Vyatka’ meaning ‘Crowd’ or ‘Band’.

92. Yablokov

Yablokov is derived from ‘Yabloko’, which means ‘Apple’ in Russian.

93. Yakovlev

This Russian surname is a variant of Jacob and refers to ‘Son of Yakov’. Yakov means a ‘Supplanter’.

94. Yurtaev

It is derived from the term ‘Yurta’ and refers to ‘Hut’ or ‘Tent’ in Old Russian. Yurta was used by nomads during the Mongolian era.

95. Zadachin

This surname is a derivation of the word ‘Zadachi’ or ‘Udachi’ referring to ‘Good luck’ in Russian.

96. Zhabin

Zhabin is derived from the word ‘Zhaba’ that means a ‘Toad’ in Russian.

97. Zhuravlev

Zhuravlev is a Russian family name derived from the word ‘Zhuravlyov’ meaning ‘Crane’.

98. Zima

Zima is a habitational surname, derived from the name of a town in Russia. This name also originated in the Slavic region and refers to ‘Winter’.

99. Zolotov

This is a Russian and Slavic surname that means ‘Gold’.

100. Zorkin

Zorkin is an interesting Russian family name that refers to the ‘One who is sharp-sighted’.

There is a unique meaning behind each of these Russian surnames. Now you have an idea of many Russian last names other than the ones, which are most popular like Putin or Stalin. Whether or not you are a Russian, these surnames may want you to learn further about them.

Let us know your thoughts, in the comment section below. And if you are a Russian, share the meaning of your last name with our readers.

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